Siu Nim Tao (Little Idea)
This is the first and most important form of the Ving Tsun System. It is said that all Ving Tsun is contained within this form and all the drills and exercises are to help us find this understanding. Siu Nim Tao is the seed that helps the student build a good foundation in Kung Fu and establishes the basics necessary to learn other forms. Siu Nim Tao translates directly from Cantonese Chinese as "Little Idea of the Beginning." This tells us that the beginning kung fu student has only to remember a little at a time. If you give too much kung fu in the beginning, the student will not be able to focus on what they are supposed to be learning. Understanding and practicing the basics is most important even for advanced students. Siu Nim Tao is the foundation and establishes the basics necessary to learn other forms.
Chum Kiu (Short Bridge)
The second Ving Tsun form is Chum Kiu it is a bridge to advanced Ving Tsun training and it can be translated as "Looking For Bridge". We also use the literal translation that a "chum" is also used as a measurement that equals a distance of about 8 feet and "Kiu" means bridge, so Chum Kiu in essence is "a Short Bridge from Siu Nim Tao to Biu Je." Chum Kiu is the most difficult form to learn but the most popular to play, it follows a quiet-stationary form (Siu Nim Tao) and has a lot of swift actions and movement. Chum Kiu must not be thought of as a "fighting form", if one tries to extract blocking and attacking techniques without understanding the true nature of Chum Kiu, the movements might seem illogical. Instead of "looking for bridges" to or from an opponent and trying to extract fighting movements the Chum Kiu player should be looking for all the essential features of body balance, coordination of hands and legs, smooth footwork and unified body movement.
Biu Je (Standard Compass)
The third and final form in Ving Tsun is Biu Je which is comprised of emergency techniques that train our hands to go back to the centerline just like a compass. Whenever you move a compass in a different direction, the needle always points North. Biu Je is a consolidation of the Ving Tsun System combining the elements of Siu Nim Tao and Chum Kiu, while adapting fighting movements to the framework of a form. Learning Biu Je represents the completion of the trilogy of forms, which represents sufficient knowledge to begin teaching and allows more freedom to express Kung Fu at a more personal level.
Ving Tsun Kuen Kuit related to the VT forms
Siu Nim Tao
- Siu Nim Tao comes first; Do not force progress in training.
- A weak body must start with strength improvement.
- Do not keep any bad habit.
- To maintain good balance of strength, grip the ground with the toes.
- To release chi from the Dan Tien, will enable proper release of power.
- Sink the elbow and drop the shoulders; Guarding the centerline to protect both flanks.
- There are one hundred and eight movements, all practical and real; Thousands of variations can be used, aiming for practical use and not beauty.
- Internally develop the chi; externally train the tendons, bones and muscles.
- Taan Sao, Bong Sao, Fook Sao, Wu Sao, and Hyun Sao; their wonder grows with practice.
- Each movement must be clear and crisp. Timing must be observed.
- Practice once a day, more will cause no harm.
- Chum Kiu trains the stance and the waist; the arm bridge is short and the step is narrow.
- Eyes are trained to be alert; the chi flows in a perpetual motion.
- Strive to remain calm in the midst of motion; loosen up the muscles and relax the mind.
- Turning the stance with a circular movement, will allow superior generation of power.
- When the opponent’s arm bridge enters my arm bridge, use the escaping hand to turn around the situation.
- Pass by the opponent’s incoming arm bridge from above, without stopping when the countering move has started.
- Laan Sao and Jip Sao put an opponent in danger.
- Do not collide with a strong opponent; with a weak opponent use a direct frontal assault.
- A quick fight should be ended quickly; no delay can be allowed.
- Use the three joints of the arm to prevent entry by the opponent’s bridge; jam the opponent’s bridge to restrict his movement.
- Create a bridge if the opponent’s bridge is not present; nullify the bridge according to how it is presented.
- The arm bridge tracks the movement of the opponent’s body; when the hands cannot prevail, use body position to save the situation.
- Using short range power to jam the opponent’s bridge, the three joints are nicely controlled.
- Where is the opponent’s bridge to be found? Chum Kiu guides the way.
- The Biu Je hand contains emergency techniques.
- Iron fingers can strike a vital point at once.
- The stepping in elbow strike has sufficient threatening power.
- The phoenix eye punch has no compassion.
- Fook Sao, Ginger Fist, and Guide Bridge; their movements are closely coordinated and hard to defend and nullify.
- Springy power and the extended arm are applied to close range.
- The situation is different when preventing from defeat in an emergency.
- The Biu Je is not taught to outsiders.
- How many Sifu pass on the proper heritage?